We don’t always have a good idea what happens during the construction process of our homes. For this reason, a lot of home buyers ask a lot of questions such as: How long will the house take to build? What does the construction process involve? When can they visit the site?
If you find yourself asking the same questions, this article will help you understand the basic home construction process; although this article only offers a brief overview, it will still help you get a general idea of how the construction process works.
Stage One: Pre-Construction
Before the home construction begins, the floor plans must first be developed, finalized, and then submitted to the municipal office for review to get a building permit. The building permit is needed for various construction work including electrical, sewer connection, septic system, plumbing, and home building. Additionally, the homebuilders will also perform site tests to examine the soil, the capacity of the ground, water table, and environmental tests.
Stage Two: Foundation
After getting the necessary building permit and doing all the initial tests, the land of your house will be prepared. The topsoil will be removed and piled somewhere else to be used later on. Excavation is also done, along with the footings- which are concrete slabs to support the wall foundation, are formed and poured. The wall foundations are also erected. This process may use concrete temporary wooden forms or preserved wood, or permanent insulated blocks. Weeping tiles are also installed so that the ground moisture will be drained away from the house. During this phase, the homebuilder may ask you to decide on flooring, cabinets, tiles, and many more.
Stage Three: Framing
This phase involves erecting a framing skeleton. The exterior sheeting is also applied or other framing technique can also be used. Frames are also constructed on the floor, one wall at a time and then lifted in place. The windows and doors are also installed during this stage.
During this process, the basement floor is also constructed and installed. Electrical and plumbing are roughed in, along with the heating, cooling, and ventilation. During this stage, the municipality will conduct a structural inspection to make sure that the house is built according to the building codes. Electrical and plumbing inspections will also be conducted.
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